Few things are as emotionally satisfying as a good belly laugh. Many people became familiar with laughter as medicine thanks to the work of Robin Williams in the movie Patch Adams. Based on a true story, Dr. Hunter “Patch” Adams established the Gesundheit Institute dedicated to spreading humor, laughter, and joy to patients.
“There is so much literature specific to the beneficial effects of humor on health, but one truly advantageous benefit that is often missed is the impact on the doctor patient relationship. We are social individuals by nature, and humor is such an efficacious tool to allow a patient to feel comfortable and establish a sense of connection. Humor has the ability to transform a dry and stagnant interaction to one that embodies the opportunity for trust, conversation and most importantly, compliance. Patients want a chance to be heard and be themselves: a good joke, laugh, and smile is many times the simple answer!”
Experiencing optimal health is a multifactorial process, usually thought of involving a healthy diet, exercise program, and other lifestyle choices. Laughter is a universal characteristic of all humans, and having a sense of humor and finding opportunities to laugh have been linked to better overall health, both mentally and physically. Everyone enjoys a good laugh. Here are some ways laughter can help you live a healthier and happier life!
Not surprisingly, humor and laughter are great for the mood. Many studies have shown that laughter and humor are excellent stress relievers and effective at lowering anxiety by increasing levels of the “happy” brain chemicals, dopamine and serotonin. Cortisol and epinephrine (the stress hormones) decrease with laughter. A study involving “laughing yoga” classes, found that participants reported increased vigor and reduced tension. 1,2 Laughter has also been shown to alleviate depression and improve sleep quality. 3
Quality of Life
The stress of caring for sick loved ones is well-documented. Laughter therapy has been used to improve the psychological health of HIV patient caregivers. 4 Nursing home patients also saw improvement in quality of life markers with just a little levity. 5 Laughter therapy has also been shown to significantly improve the quality of life in cancer patients. 6
Laughter even has a beneficial effect on cognitive health. In one study, watching humorous videos improved short term memory, learning and visual recognition in elderly diabetic patients. 7 And of course, laughter is a fundamental way of connecting socially and improves relationships across the board. 8
Laughter and humor also have significant physical health benefits. For example, in a study involving pain tolerance and muscle soreness, watching a comedic movie for just 30 minutes significantly and immediately reduced symptoms compared to a placebo group that viewed a documentary. 9
It is well-established that conditions such as depression and anger are detrimental to cardiovascular health, but whether or not the opposite is true, that is, if positive feelings are beneficial to cardiovascular health is still being studied. One study did find that watching comedic films increased vascular function in healthy adults compared to those who watched a documentary. 10 In patients awaiting organ transplants, laughing yoga classes significantly improved cardiac function, and their moods improved immediately. 11 Another study involving over 20,000 people investigated the correlation between how often the participants laughed and their risk of developing heart disease and stroke. Those who claimed to rarely or never laugh had significantly higher occurrences of both conditions than those who said that they laughed daily. 12 Daily laughter was also linked to lower mortality and heart disease in a Japanese study. 13
Laughter and humor can also boost the immune system. In a study involving postpartum women, it was found that laughter therapy increased immune function significantly over placebo (14), and in another study investigating obese women, laughing therapy reduced the inflammatory markers, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). The participants’ blood glucose levels were also decreased. 15
Dr. Vazquez shares a story of a patient treated with humor
“A male teenager and his mother came to me for weight management issues. He was overweight and had a family history of diabetes and obesity. He performed well academically and was an avid fan of video games and water polo; however, he recognized that his health and weight were becoming an issue. Actually, his mother recognized this. In fact, it was his mother who answered the majority of my questions, interjected with stories and clinical caveats, while he sat there, and didn’t say much besides an occasional ‘yes’ or ‘no’ teenage head nod.
I was able to speak with him more when his mother left the room, and he confirmed that he wanted to lose weight, eat healthy and become active again. He had already taken initiative and was proactive about the process, eating meals that his mother prepared for him and getting more movement throughout the day.
From my assessment, he was on the right track! I asked if his mother was helping with the process and he agreed. I asked if she was helping “too much” and he finally cracked a smile. When I was ready to deliver the treatment plan with both of them in the room, I asked a few more questions directed to the mother. “Are you preparing healthy meals for him?” to which she animatedly said “Yes!” I said “Great,” and immediately moved on to the next question, “Does he suffer from any hearing loss or impediment?” Again, she vehemently denied, but now seemed curious as to my line of questions. I again said “good” and asked my next question, “Do you remind him that he needs to eat healthy and exercise?” Her eyes grew big and enthusiastically said “Oh yes, absolutely!” I quickly asked “How many times a day?” She paused and then answered, “A few.” I smiled and asked again, “Does he suffer from any hearing loss or impediment?” At that point, the mother began to laugh out loud and quickly covered her mouth. Her son looked at me with open eyes and a big smile, surprised that I “caught” his mother in the act, so to speak.
We continued to have a long discussion on how to best support her son, and for him to acknowledge and show appreciation. There were both tears and laughter on her part, but by the time the visit was over, she gave me a big hug and delivered a heartfelt “Thank you.” Her son shook my hand, with the same smile that never went away 10-15 minutes prior. The visit was so much more than a plan addressing weight loss and lifestyle modifications, rather, addressing the relationships that either get in our way or support the process.”
So, it would seem that laughter really is the best medicine! In the words of Patch Adams, “The most radical act anyone can commit is to be happy,” so let yourself be, and remember to take time to fill your days with laughter.
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